Pharmaceutical Engineering

Pharmaceutical engineering is a branch of engineering focused on discovering, formulating, and manufacturing medication, as well as analytical and quality control processes. It utilizes the fields of chemical engineering, biomedical engineering, and pharmaceutical sciences.

Bio pharmaceuticals

Bio pharmaceuticals are medical drugs produced using biotechnology.A potentially controversial method of producing bio pharmaceuticals involves transgenic organisms, particularly plants and animals that have been genetically modified to produce drugs.A bio pharmaceutical, also known as a biologic medical product, or biologic, is any pharmaceutical drug product manufactured in, extracted from, or semi synthesized from biological sources.

Medicinal Plants

Medicinal plants, also called medicinal herbs, have been discovered and used in traditional medicine practices since prehistoric times. Plants synthesis hundreds of chemical compounds for functions including defenc against insects, fungi, diseases, and herbivorous mammals.Medicinal plants, also called medicinal herbs, have been discovered and used in traditional medicine practices since prehistoric times. Plants synthesis hundreds of chemical compounds for functions including defenc against insects, fungi, diseases, and herbivorous mammals

Traditional medicine

Traditional medicine is “the knowledge, skills and practices based on the theories, beliefs and experiences indigenous to different cultures, used in the maintenance of health and in the prevention, diagnosis, improvement or treatment of physical and mental illness.Traditional medicine comprises medical aspects of traditional knowledge that developed over generations within various societies before the era of modern medicine

Pharmacodynamics

Pharmacodynamics (PD) is the study of the biochemical and physiologic effects of drugs (especially pharmaceutical drugs).Pharma codynamics is the study of how a drug affects an organism, whereas pharmacokinetics is the study of how the organism affects the drug. Pharmacodynamics is the study of the biochemical and physiologic effects of drugs. The effects can include those manifested within animals, microorganisms, or combinations of organisms

Industrial Pharmacognosy

For thousands of year’s Pharmacognosy and natural products have played a very important role in health care and prevention of diseases.  It is estimated that about 70% of the supply of herbal raw material for Ayurveda and other homeopathic medicines in India comes from the wild. To meet the increasing demand for raw material, to conserve wild resources, and to reduce the potential variability in the active ingredient content in medicinal plants from different collection areas, it is important to implement more controlled cultivation programs to ensure quality and to protect resources

Emerging Nano medicine

Nano medicine is the medical application of nanotechnology.Nano medicine ranges from the medical applications of nano materials and biological devices, to nano electronic biosensors, and even possible future applications of molecular nanotechnology such as biological machines. Current problems for nanomedicine involve understanding the issues related to toxicity and environmental impact of nano scale materials (materials whose structure is on the scale of nano meters, i.e. billionths of a meter).Nano medicine seeks to deliver a valuable set of research tools and clinically useful devices in the near future.[2][3] The National Nanotechnology Initiative expects new commercial applications in the pharmaceutical industry that may include advanced drug delivery systems, new therapies, and in vivo imaging. Nano medicine research is receiving funding from the US National Institutes of Health Common Fund program, supporting four nano medicine development centers

Smart Drug Delivery Technology

With the unprecedented progresses of biomedical nanotechnology during the past few decades, conventional drug delivery systems (DDSs) have been involved into smart DDSs with stimuli-responsive characteristics. Benefiting from the response to specific internal or external triggers, those well-defined nanoplatforms can increase the drug targeting efficacy, in the meantime; reduce side effects/toxicities of payloads, which are key factors for improving patient compliance. In academic field, variety of smart DDSs have been abundantly demonstrated for various intriguing systems, such as stimuli-responsive polymeric nanoparticles, liposomes, metals/metal oxides, and exosomes.

Lymphoid drug delivery system
Transmucosal drug delivery systems
Sonophoresis drug delivery system
Hydrogel in drug delivery
Insitu drug delivery
Micelle drug delivery
Emulgel drug delivery
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Herbal Drugs and Formulations

Herbal formulations means a dosage form consisting of one or more herbs or processed herbs in specified quantities to provide specific nutritional, cosmetic benefits meant for use to diagnose, treat, mitigate diseases of human beings or animals, alter the structure or physiology of human beings or animals. Herbal formulations contain an active substance or herbal substance or herbal preparation or herbal substance in combination with one or more herbal preparations. Herbal formulations are obtained by subjecting herbal substances to treatments such as extraction, distillation, expression, fractionation, purification, concentration or fermentation include comminuted or powdered.

Toxicology Studies of Plant Product

It is necessary to investigate the plants scientifically which have been used in traditional medicine to improve the quality of healthcare. The claim that natural plant products are safe should be accepted only after the plant product passes through toxicity testing using modern scientific methods. To determine the safety of drugs and plant products for human use, toxicological evaluations are carried out on various experimental animals to predict toxicity. There are other several comprehensive toxicological studies on some natural extract.The global in vitro toxicity testing market was valued at $4 billion in 2011 and more than $4.9 billion in 2012. This market is estimated to reach nearly $9.9 billion in 2017, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.7% for the five-year period, 2012 to 2017.